· Playful body language- dog is bouncing around and engaged. They may growl and bark while darting and leaping around, but it is all in good fun.
· Nervous or fearful body language- dog is hunched down with their tail tucked between their legs and ears flatted to the head. They do not want to really look at you and may lick and yawn in an exaggerated way. If cornered, they may bite out of fear.
· Alert body language- dog is focused and stands soundly on all fours feet with ears erect; their tail maybe standing straight up and is not wagging with their mouth closed. They may even bark or growl.
· Unfriendly or aggressive body language- dog’s body is very rigid with pinned back ears, wide eyes, tail rigid, and a low growl. Do not try to approach or engage with the dog, because they are ready to attack and bite.
· Do not get in the face of a dog and avoid eye-to-eye contact. This is also a sign of dominance and is the reason why some dogs do not like small children because they are at eye level.
· Do not try to pet a dog that is in a vehicle or in a fenced-in yard or kennel because they may become aggressive because they are guarding their territory.
· Do not run away from an aggressive dog; instead, back away slowly and speak calmly and firmly. Running will cause the dog to chase you and attack.
· Do not pet a sleeping dog or move its food while eating.
· Never leave your children unattended with any dog, familiar or unfamiliar.